Obsession and compulsion are two terms that are commonly used interchangeably, but they actually have very different meanings. An obsession is an intrusive, persistent thought or idea that a person can’t seem to get out of their head. It can be an idea that is irrational, persistent, and difficult to control. A compulsion is a repetitive behavior or mental act that a person feels compelled to do in order to ease the anxiety caused by the obsession.
An obsession is typically an unwanted and intrusive thought, image, or urge that repeatedly enters a person’s mind. It can be something that the person finds disturbing, such as a fear of germs or a fear of being harmed by someone. People with obsessions often spend a great deal of time worrying about them, and may try to suppress or ignore the thought in order to control it.
A compulsion is a repetitive behavior that a person feels the need to do in order to reduce the anxiety created by the obsession. Common compulsions include washing hands, counting, checking, and repeating certain words or phrases. Compulsions are typically performed in a ritualistic manner in order to “neutralize” the fear or anxiety caused by the obsession.
Although both obsessions and compulsions are common in people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), it is important to note that not all people with OCD have both obsessions and compulsions. Some people with OCD may experience only obsessions, while others may experience only compulsions.
It is also important to understand that obsessions and compulsions can be present in other mental health conditions, such as anxiety disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is important to seek help from a mental health professional if you are experiencing obsessions and/or compulsions, as they can be managed with the right treatment.
Obsessions and Compulsions Explained
What are Obsessions?
Obsessions are recurrent and persistent thoughts, images, or ideas that often cause distress and anxiety. An individual struggling with an obsession will experience intrusive, unwanted thoughts or mental images that can cause distress and anxiety. These thoughts or images can be focused on fear of germs, fear of making a mistake, fear of offending someone, fear of being embarrassed, fear of being judged by others, fear of losing control, fear of being harmed, and fear of being contaminated. It is important to note that obsessions are not pleasurable and are not under the control of the individual with the obsession.
What are Compulsions?
Compulsions are behaviors or mental acts that a person feels driven to perform in response to an obsession or in order to reduce anxiety. Compulsions are usually repetitive, ritualistic behaviors such as hand-washing, counting, repeating certain phrases, ordering and arranging items, or checking locks and appliances. Compulsive behaviors are usually done as a way to reduce the distress caused by the obsession. For example, an individual may wash their hands repeatedly in order to reduce their fear of germs.
The Difference Between Obsessions and Compulsions
The main difference between obsessions and compulsions is that obsessions are intrusive thoughts, images, or ideas that cause distress and anxiety, while compulsions are the behaviors or mental acts that a person feels driven to perform in response to an obsession or in order to reduce anxiety. Obsessions are not under the control of the individual and are not pleasurable, whereas compulsions, though often repetitive and ritualistic, are typically done in an effort to reduce distress. It is important to note that both obsessions and compulsions can be severe enough to have a significant impact on an individual’s life, and both can be treated with cognitive-behavioral therapy and/or medication.