Overbite and Overjet are two common orthodontic terms used to describe irregularities in the positioning of the teeth and jaws. Both conditions can lead to functional problems, discomfort and an aesthetically displeasing appearance. It is important to understand the difference between the two so that proper treatment can be provided in a timely manner.
Overbite is defined as the vertical overlap of the upper teeth over the lower teeth. It is also known as “vertical overlap” or “deep bite”. It usually occurs when the upper jaw is too big, when the lower jaw is too small, or when the teeth are too long. An excessive overbite can cause the lower teeth to bite into the roof of the mouth, leading to speech impediments and problems with the temporomandibular joint.
Overjet is defined as the horizontal overlap of the upper teeth over the lower teeth. It is also known as “horizontal overlap” or “buck teeth”. It is usually caused by the upper jaw being too large or the lower jaw being too small. An excessive overjet can cause the lower teeth to protrude outward, leading to speech impediments and difficulties with chewing and biting.
The treatment for both overbite and overjet depends on the severity of the condition and the age of the patient. Generally, braces are used to correct the positioning of the teeth and jaws. In cases of extreme malocclusion, surgery may be necessary.
In conclusion, overbite and overjet are two distinct conditions that should be addressed appropriately. It is important to understand the difference between them to ensure that the most effective treatment is provided.
1. How to Identify an Overbite vs. an Overjet
An overbite occurs when the top teeth overlap the bottom teeth vertically. This type of misalignment can be easily identified by looking at the person’s smile. An overjet, on the other hand, is identified by the horizontal overlap of the top teeth over the bottom teeth. It is often referred to as “buck teeth” and can be seen when the person’s mouth is closed.
These two conditions can be easily confused since they both involve overlapping of the teeth. It is important to accurately identify the type of misalignment in order to receive the correct treatment.
2. Causes of Overbite vs. Overjet
The most common cause of an overbite is when the lower jaw is underdeveloped. This can occur when the person has an improper overbite at birth or due to the growth of the jawbone being delayed. It can also occur due to certain habits such as thumb sucking or prolonged use of a pacifier.
An overjet can be caused by genetic factors, the improper growth of the jawbone, or habits such as prolonged thumb sucking. It can also be caused by the person’s teeth being misaligned.
3. Treatment of Overbite vs. Overjet
The treatment for an overbite usually involves braces or other orthodontic appliances to move the lower jaw forward. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the misalignment.
An overjet is usually treated with braces to correct the misalignment of the teeth. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to move the jawbone into the correct position. It is important to consult a doctor or dentist to determine the best course of treatment for an overjet.