Difference Between Cesspool and Septic Tank

Cesspools and Septic Tanks: Key Differences The terms “cesspool” and “septic tank” are often used interchangeably, though they have distinct differences. Both are wastewater storage systems, but they vary in terms of cost, maintenance, and …

Cesspools and Septic Tanks: Key Differences

The terms “cesspool” and “septic tank” are often used interchangeably, though they have distinct differences. Both are wastewater storage systems, but they vary in terms of cost, maintenance, and the environment’s impact. Knowing the differences between cesspools and septic tanks is essential for homeowners who need to choose between the two.

Size and Capacity

Cesspools are typically smaller and shallower than septic tanks. They are usually constructed of concrete, steel, fiberglass, or plastic and typically have a holding capacity of between 1,500 and 2,500 gallons. Cesspools are typically buried in the ground and are often used to dispose of wastewater from a single household.

On the other hand, septic tanks are typically larger and deeper than cesspools and have a holding capacity of up to 5,000 gallons. They are usually built of concrete, steel, or fiberglass and are usually buried in the ground. Septic tanks are typically used to dispose of wastewater from multiple households.

Maintenance

Cesspools require more frequent maintenance than septic tanks. They need to be emptied and cleaned every few months, depending on the size of the cesspool and the amount of wastewater it receives. The cost of maintenance can be quite expensive since the cesspool must be emptied manually.

Septic tanks, on the other hand, require less frequent maintenance. They should be emptied and cleaned every one to three years, depending on the size of the tank and the amount of wastewater it receives. The cost of maintenance is typically lower since the tank can be emptied using a pump.

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Environmental Impact

Cesspools can have a negative impact on the environment since the wastewater they contain is not treated before being discharged into the soil. The untreated wastewater can seep into the ground and contaminate groundwater, which can lead to water-borne illnesses.

Septic tanks, however, have less of an environmental impact since the wastewater they contain is treated before being discharged into the soil. The treated wastewater is less likely to seep into the ground and contaminate groundwater, reducing the risk of water-borne illnesses.

Conclusion

Cesspools and septic tanks are both wastewater storage systems, but they have distinct differences in terms of size and capacity, maintenance, and environmental impact. Cesspools are typically smaller and shallower than septic tanks and require more frequent maintenance. They can also have a negative impact on the environment since the wastewater they contain is not treated before being discharged into the soil. Septic tanks, however, are typically larger and deeper than cesspools and require less frequent maintenance. They also have less of an environmental impact since the wastewater they contain is treated before being discharged into the soil.

What is a Cesspool?

A cesspool is a type of on-site wastewater treatment system that is designed to store, treat, and dispose of sewage. It is typically a buried, water-tight tank that is made of concrete, fiberglass, or plastic. A cesspool is usually filled with gravel or stones and is designed to receive sewage from a single household or small business. The sewage is stored in the cesspool until it is naturally broken down by anaerobic bacteria.

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Cesspools were once a very popular type of wastewater system, but they are no longer allowed in many jurisdictions due to health and environmental concerns. Cesspools do not treat the wastewater, so they can result in the contamination of groundwater and surface water. Additionally, they produce unpleasant odors and can attract pests.

What is a Septic Tank?

A septic tank is a type of on-site wastewater treatment system that is designed to store, treat, and dispose of sewage. It is typically a buried, water-tight tank that is made of concrete, fiberglass, or plastic. The sewage is stored in the septic tank and is broken down by anaerobic bacteria. The effluent from the tank is then discharged into a soil absorption system (SAS), which filters the effluent and disperses it into the soil.

Septic tanks are a common type of wastewater system, and they are often the most cost-effective option for communities or small businesses. Septic tanks are designed to treat the wastewater, so they reduce the risk of groundwater and surface water contamination. Additionally, they can reduce unpleasant odors and pests.

Difference Between Cesspool and Septic Tank

The main difference between a cesspool and a septic tank is that a cesspool does not treat the wastewater, while a septic tank does. Cesspools are designed to simply store the wastewater, and the effluent is discharged into the ground without any treatment. Septic tanks, on the other hand, are designed to treat the wastewater and reduce the risk of groundwater and surface water contamination.

Additionally, cesspools are not allowed in many jurisdictions due to health and environmental concerns. Septic tanks, on the other hand, are a common type of wastewater system, and they are often the most cost-effective option. Finally, cesspools can produce unpleasant odors and can attract pests, while septic tanks can reduce these issues.

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