Difference Between 38 Special and 38 Super

The 38 Special and 38 Super are two of the most popular handgun cartridges used in the United States. Though they are both .38 caliber rounds, they are in fact very different from one another. …

The 38 Special and 38 Super are two of the most popular handgun cartridges used in the United States. Though they are both .38 caliber rounds, they are in fact very different from one another. This article will compare the two cartridges in terms of their history, performance, and applications.

History
The 38 Special was developed in 1898 by Smith & Wesson as a black powder cartridge. It was designed for use in the Smith & Wesson Model 10 revolver and was initially loaded with a 158-grain lead round nose bullet. It quickly became a favorite self-defense round of police officers and civilians alike.

The 38 Super, on the other hand, was developed by Colt in 1929 as an improvement of the 38 Special. It was designed to be used in the Colt Government Model series of 1911 semi-automatic pistols and was designed to be more powerful than the 38 Special. It was loaded with a 130-grain full metal jacket bullet.

Performance
The 38 Special has a muzzle velocity of about 850 feet per second, with a muzzle energy of about 200 foot-pounds. The 38 Super has a much higher muzzle velocity of about 1,200 feet per second, with a muzzle energy of about 400 foot-pounds.

The 38 Special has a relatively mild recoil, making it easier to shoot and control. The 38 Super, however, has a much sharper recoil, making it more difficult to shoot accurately.

Applications
The 38 Special is primarily used for self-defense, target shooting, and handgun hunting. It is widely used among police officers and civilians looking for a powerful yet manageable round.

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The 38 Super is primarily used for target shooting, handgun hunting, and competition shooting. It is popular among competitive shooters who require a round with more power than the 38 Special.

Conclusion
The 38 Special and 38 Super are both popular handgun cartridges in the United States. While they are similar in that they are both .38 caliber rounds, they are very different in terms of their history, performance, and applications. The 38 Special is a milder round designed for self-defense and handgun hunting, while the 38 Super is designed for target shooting and competition shooting.

Difference Between 38 Special and 38 Super

Cartridge Design

The 38 Special is a rimmed, centerfire cartridge that was first produced in 1898, making it one of the oldest cartridges still in production today. The cartridge was designed by Smith and Wesson, and is the parent cartridge of the 38 Super. The 38 Special has a rimmed, straight walled case that measures 0.379 inches in diameter and 1.155 inches in length. The bullet diameter for the 38 Special is also 0.379 inches.

The 38 Super is a rimless, centerfire cartridge that was first released in 1929. It is a high-pressure cartridge that was designed by Colt and is based on the earlier 38 Special. The 38 Super has a rimless, tapered case that measures 0.384 inches in diameter and 1.290 inches in length. The bullet diameter for the 38 Super is 0.356 inches.

Ballistics and Performance

The 38 Special is a low-pressure cartridge that is usually loaded with bullets that weigh between 110 and 158 grains. The 38 Special produces a muzzle velocity of around 700-900 fps, depending on the specific load. The cartridge is primarily used for target shooting and self-defense.

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The 38 Super is a high-pressure cartridge that is usually loaded with bullets that weigh between 115 and 147 grains. The 38 Super produces a muzzle velocity of around 1000-1300 fps, again depending on the specific load. The cartridge is primarily used for target shooting and self-defense, as well as competitions.

Availability

The 38 Special is still one of the most common cartridges available, and is available in a wide variety of loads from many different manufacturers. The cartridge is also very popular among reloaders, as it is relatively easy to reload and can be reloaded with a wide variety of bullets.

The 38 Super is not as common as the 38 Special, but is available from many of the major manufacturers. The cartridge is also popular among reloaders, but it is not as easy to reload as the 38 Special, and it is not as easy to find reloading components for the 38 Super.

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